Motor Vehicle Regulations

Idling Policy

Effective May 5, 2014 the State of Vermont enacted into law 23 V.S.A. § 1110. Prohibited Idling of Motor Vehicles, Act 57 (Section 28, pages 30-32). This law limits the idling of all motor vehicles while parked to five minutes in any 60 minute period, with some exception. Castleton University is dedicated to promoting this law and its implications for clean air and a sustainable environment. Below is the University’s policy regarding idling of any car on campus and any University vehicle, regardless of location.


This policy applies to the operation of any vehicle on the Castleton University property. Additionally, this policy applies to any University owned vehicle, whether it is present on campus or elsewhere.


Exhaust from idling vehicles can accumulate and pose a health risk to employees, drivers, and the community at large including:

  • Exposure to exhaust can cause lung damage and respiratory problems.
  • Exhaust also exacerbates asthma and existing allergies, and long-term exposure is thought to increase the risk of lung cancer. Vermont has the highest rate of adult asthma in the nation (CDC, 2010).

Idling vehicles also waste fuel and financial resources:

  • An idling vehicle gets 0 miles per gallon and wastes expensive fuel.
  • Excessive idling results in ‘increased engine wear and carbon soot buildup’ (Oak Ridge National Lab, 2013), which can decrease engine life and increase maintenance costs.

Idling cars contributes to global warming and the carbon footprint of Castleton University:

  • While Castleton has adopted many hybrid vehicles, our fleet still relies extensively on fossil fuels which contribute additional fossil fuels into the atmosphere, resulting in a slowly warming climate over time.

Idling is bad for public health, the environment, and bad for the bottom line.


To minimize idling time in all aspects of facility vehicle operation.

Guidance (Policy)

In general, idling time is limited to a maximum of three (3) minutes.

  • When drivers arrive at loading or unloading areas to drop off or pick up passengers, they should turn off their vehicles as soon as possible to eliminate idling time and reduce harmful emissions. Vehicles should not be restarted until passengers are ready to depart and there is a clear path by which to exit the pickup area. Exceptions include conditions that would compromise passenger safety, such as:
    • extreme weather
    • idling in traffic
  • When starting any vehicle, limit idling time during early-morning warm-up to what is recommended by the vehicle manufacturer (usually 30 seconds) in all but the coldest weather (1-3 minutes below 0˚F). Exceptions include:
    • inadequate defrosting of windows, since visibility is essential for safe operation
    • heavy-duty diesel engines may require between 3-5 minutes to warm-up in cold weather
  • All service delivery vehicles should turn off their engines while making deliveries to the facility.
  • This policy will be integrated into the Castleton Fleet Safety License training.
  • All drivers of any campus vendor or Castleton University vehicle should receive a copy of this bulletin and be encouraged to discuss it at the beginning of every year.

Parking and Motor Vehicle Regulations

Motor vehicle regulation is essential for the safety of all members of the University community, visitors, and friends. The parking lots and roadways located on Castleton University are the property of the University. They are Public Roadways as defined by Vermont State Law. Castleton University reserves the right to make traffic regulations, post traffic signs, restrict the use of the roadways and lots, and collect fees for violations of these regulations. These regulations have been developed to provide the maximum benefit for all concerned. Those persons operating a motor vehicle on the Castleton campus are expected to comply with the spirit as well as the letter of these regulations and are reminded that use of the parking facilities is a privilege and not a right. A parking permit does not ensure the availability of a parking space, but it grants the privilege of parking in specified areas when available. Abuse of this privilege can result in not being allowed to use Castleton’s lots and roadways. Parking permits are issued at no charge from the University Public Safety Department. Student permits must be renewed yearly prior to or during the first week of the academic calendar.

The speed limit on campus is 15 miles per hour on all campus roadways and 10 miles per hour in all campus parking lots. Violations will result in a minimum fine of $40 for each offense and careless driving may result in disciplinary action. Operating motor vehicles on campus walks, lawns, or areas not specifically designed as roadways is prohibited and subject to a fine and all repair or replacement costs. Operators of motor vehicles must comply with all traffic signs (yield, stop, do not enter, etc.) or the direction of a Public Safety Officer. Failure to stop on approach of an emergency vehicle, or Public Safety vehicle displaying amber lights, will be subject to a fine.

Persons who own, possess, or operate a motor vehicle on the Castleton campus are responsible for knowing the regulations. Ignorance does not constitute a valid defense for failure to observe them or absolve violators from any penalties. Castleton University does not assume any responsibility for damage to, theft from, or theft of any motor vehicle parked on the University property. Vehicles which are brought to campus by guests must receive a visitor’s permit at the Public Safety Office.

Snow Emergencies/Class Cancellations

Voice and email distribution lists, voicemail, or other appropriate means will be used to inform students, faculty and staff of procedures to follow in a snow emergency. Failure to follow these procedures will result in towing.

The University provides an electronic bulletin board for students to dial in and check on class or school cancellations. In the event of a snow storm or other weather emergency, please check this board by calling (802) 468-6043. 


Individuals are responsible for any citation issued to a vehicle which they own or operate. Traffic citations may either be presented to the owner/operator, placed on the windshield of the vehicle, or, in special circumstances, mailed to the registrant. Persons who repeatedly violate the University's parking regulations, or fail to pay their fines may forfeit their use of campus parking facilities at the discretion of the Department of Public Safety. 

  1. Unpaid fines will be placed on the student’s bill. Payment of all fines will be made at the Financial & Registration Center.
  2. Vehicles without current decals after they have accumulated two tickets will be booted or towed at the owner's expense and lose campus parking privileges for the remainder of the current academic year.
  3. Vehicles with current parking decals which have accumulated eight citations in one year (two semesters) will be booted or towed at the owner’s expense and will lose their parking privileges for the remainder of the academic year.
  4. Any person who has lost the privilege to park on campus will have their car booted or towed each time it is parked on campus (legally or illegally) after the privilege has been revoked at the owner’s expense and receive a minimum $25 fine.

Appeals must be made in person at the Public Safety office within the 10 day period between 7 am and 2 pm on Tuesdays or Wednesdays or by appointment with the Director of Public Safety. Appeals received from faculty, staff, and students within the ten day period will be reviewed by the Director of Public Safety and may be sent to the Student Court, which will review the appeal and render a decision in writing to the individual who submitted the appeal. Appeals will be handled as swiftly as possible. Referrals to the Student Court are made at the discretion of the Director of Public Safety.

Parking Regulations

  1. No vehicle may be parked on the University campus without a valid parking permit or other authorization. Parking decals will be color-coded. Parking in residential lots is limited to cars with residential stickers. Cars with residential stickers cannot park in day lots. Permits, which will hang from the rear-view mirror, are available for a fee. Commuters and day visitors are restricted to day lots. Day lots must be vacated between 12 am and 7 am. 
  2. Faculty, staff, and students will be held responsible for all parking citations involving their vehicles or any vehicle they operate on campus property. If any vehicle on campus is in violation of any of these regulations, the person in whose name the Castleton parking permit has been issued or the registered owner will be responsible for the citations.
  3. Vehicles may not be parked in any area marked “No Parking;” on any crosswalk; on any campus street so as to obstruct the right-of-way; in any special designated parking space; or any space not clearly designated for parking. “No Parking” areas include but are not limited to: front of Wheeler residence hall, front of Spartan Athletic Complex, the side loop of Babcock residence hall, Haskell courtyard and rear of Castleton residence hall. Vehicles parked with tires off the pavement will be considered parked on the grass. Vehicles so parked may be towed.
  4. Any person who has had their vehicle booted will be responsible for a minimum $40 fee, as well as a $10 fee per day that the immobilizer remains on the vehicle. Payment of these fees must be made to Student Services. Immobilizers will be removed from vehicles only after the fees have been paid in full. 
  5. Towed vehicles may be towed to an off-campus private facility and are subject to towing and storage fees at the owner’s expense. Contact Public Safety for information on towed vehicles.
  6. Any vehicle parked continuously in one place on University property for more than three days with no valid registration plate or permit, or clearly broken down or disabled without notification to the Department of Public Safety will be considered abandoned and may be towed.
  7. Faculty, staff, or commuter students who find it necessary to leave their vehicles for more than 24 hours on University property, while on official University business, should notify the Department of Public Safety who will designate an appropriate location where the vehicle should be parked. Long-term parking over vacation periods without authorization is prohibited. Long-term parking for residential students is limited to the Observatory Lot and the South Street Lot.
  8. No vehicle may be parked on campus so as to constitute a hazard or an interference with the normal operation of the University. This shall include vehicles with any fluids leaking. Such vehicles may be towed.
  9. Parking is not permitted outside of painted lines, in any roadway.

Parking area designations are available in the Public Safety office. Parking is permitted for vehicles registered with Public Safety in all campus parking areas as designated by signage.

Improperly Parked Vehicle

Definition: Any vehicle in violation of stated Motor Vehicle Parking Regulations, or found to be parked outside painted parking spaces. It is the operator’s responsibility to ensure that they are parked legally and properly. Following suit, because someone else is parked improperly or delineating lines being snow covered does not absolve violators from any penalties.

Parking Permits

Parking permits are required on the vehicles of all faculty, staff, and students. This includes part time faculty members as well as those students registered in the day or evening division, residents as well as commuters. Faculty, staff, and student permits are available through the Department of Public Safety. All faculty, staff and student parking in the University parking areas without a permit or in violation will be subject to a fine and may be subject to towing. 

When a motor vehicle is sold or transferred to a new owner or user, the parking permit(s) must be removed. The permit, or parts thereof, may be returned to the Department of Public Safety Traffic Division, where a new corresponding sticker or permit will be issued free of charge upon completion of an application. Requests for more than one replacement per year will be reviewed by the Director of Public Safety. An individual must notify the Department of Public Safety immediately of any change in their license plate number, the vehicle registered, or their address. There is no fee for permits, but yearly renewal is required. 

Students will have only one vehicle on campus at a time unless approved by the Director of Public Safety.

Parking Permit Fee Schedule

Students: $79 per permit fee. (Gryphon and Foley Hall students parking fee is included in the Rutland parking fee)

Faculty/Staff: fee included as part of employment

SHAPE Members: fee included with SHAPE membership

Provisions for Handicapped Parking

All vehicles parked in a handicapped parking spot shall display an appropriate plate issued from a state or federal authority. Failure to display this may result in a ticket and/or tow. Handicapped parking spaces are located in close proximity to entrances to University buildings, which are accessible to the handicapped with a permanent plate. Handicap parking spaces are federally mandated and are enforced and controlled by State and local authorities as well as the Department of Public Safety. All improperly parked vehicles will be ticketed and/or towed by either enforcement agency. At the discretion of the Director of Public Safety, temporary handicapped parking permits may be issued to those who are injured or otherwise temporarily disabled and have a note from their physician. Temporary permits must be renewed every month but may also be issued for shorter durations.