Criminal Justice: Associates Program Requirements

These requirements are from an excerpt from the University Academic Catalog, which outlines the requirements for a student to earn the distinction of being a Castleton University graduate. The complete catalog is available online.

Students graduating with an AS degree in Criminal Justice will be able to:

1. Explain the difference between the criminal justice system and process.

2. Identify the agencies that make up the criminal justice system, describe the functions of each, and explain the roles/responsibilities of the criminal justice personnel who work in those agencies.

3. Identify the specific stages of the criminal justice process, from arrest to appeal, describe the amount of proof required at each stage, who must offer that proof, and explain what happens at each particular stage of the process.

4. Identify and explain the various sources of law in American society, distinguish between criminal and civil law, and identify U.S. Constitutional Amendments most relevant to the criminal justice process. Students will also identify and explain how certain landmark U.S. Supreme Court decisions have shaped and influenced the American criminal justice process.

5. Eexplain the theories/justifications for criminal punishment and articulate the strengths and weaknesses of each theory. Students will examine how our government imposes punishment on convicted offenders, learn the differences between institutional and community correctional practices and programs, and demonstrate an understanding of the pros and cons of each approach.

6. Explain the difference between organization and management, understand how various criminal justice agencies are organized and managed, and identify who serves as the chief managers of specific criminal justice agencies. Additionally, students will understand and explain how a criminal justice organization influences the behavior of its personnel, as well as how it influences and is influenced by the environment in which it operates.

To complete the AS in Criminal Justice, students must complete the following coursework:

Majors must earn an overall 2.0 average in CRJ and CRJ-related (approved) courses in the major.

Complete these core courses (15 cr):

Majors should complete CRJ 1010, CRJ 2020, CRJ 2080, and CRJ 2510 in their first two years of study.

Code Course Credits

CRJ 1010

Introduction to Criminal Justice

(must be completed with a C or better)

An overview of the American criminal justice system, tracing its history and development and assessing its strengths and weaknesses. Roles of the agencies that comprise the criminal justice system (representing law enforcement, courts, and corrections) are examined.

This course counts towards the Social & Behavioral Understanding Frame of Reference.

Every semester

3

CRJ 2010

Law Enforcement in America

An examination of the history and evolution of law enforcement in the United States. Among the topics examined in this course are: law enforcement careers; the police role; selection, recruitment, and training of personnel; occupational socialization & the police subculture; discretion; management and organizational behavior; and patrol/investigative functions. Other issues considered include police use of force; police-community relations, job stress, and corruption/ethical problems.

Prerequisite: CRJ 1010 passed with a grade of “C” or better.

Every semester

3

CRJ 2020

American Judicial Process

A course designed to provide students with an overview of the American judicial process; examining its history, structure, and operation. Topics considered include: court organization and administration; the courtroom “work group;” the trial and appellate processes; problems that plague the courts; and alternatives to courts for conflict resolution.

Prerequisite: CRJ 1010 passed with a grade of “C” or better.

Every semester

3

CRJ 2080

Correctional Philosophies and Practices

An interdisciplinary study of the historical and contemporary philosophies and practices of sentencing, punishment, and rehabilitation in American corrections. The course will be a comprehensive examination of all facets of institutional and community-based corrections, including facilities, probation, intermediate sanctions, and parole, as well as special and controversial issues in the field. Field study will be an essential component of this course and may include field trips, interviews and other research, guest speakers, and/or community service.

Prerequisite: CRJ 1010 passed with a grade of “C” or better.

Every semester

3

CRJ 2510

Criminal Law

An examination of the evolution and development of substantive criminal law. Topics examined include: common law vs. statutory crimes; elements of a crime; parties to a crime; criminal responsibility; and defenses to criminal culpability. Selected portions of the Vermont criminal code are also examined.

Prerequisite: CRJ 2020 or consent of instructor.

Every semester

3

And complete at least 4 CRJ or CRJ-approved electives, which may include any 2 of these courses (12 cr):

Code Course Credits

SOC 2210

Deviant Behavior

An examination of theories of etiology and distribution of deviant behavior.

Prerequisite: SOC 1010 or consent of instructor.

Spring

3

SOC 3210

Criminology

An interdisciplinary study of the causes of crime and criminal behavior, with particular emphasis on sociological perspectives. Classical through contemporary criminological theories will be examined, as well as patterns and varieties of crime.

Prerequisite: SOC 1010 or consent of instructor.

Spring

3

SOC 3410

Dismantling Rape Culture

This course makes the case that there is a structured precarity that all women face when it comes to the crime of rape. This means that the way society is structured historically, politically, legally and socially makes all women vulnerable to rape. The course will explore how rape culture makes all women vulnerable to rape, but also how this vulnerability is exacerbated by race, class and gender non-conformity. The course will also examine the problematic construction of masculinity in the US and how this notion of masculinity contributes to rape culture and limits men's freedom of expression. The course makes the case that we all benefit by dismantling rape culture.

Periodically

3

SWK 2020

Family Violence

Analyzes the psychosocial dynamics of families disrupted by domestic violence. Aspects of child abuse, spouse abuse and elder abuse will be covered. Differential social work assessment and intervention will be emphasized.

This course fulfills the Social and Behavioral Understanding Frame of Reference.

Every Semester

3

And complete 1 of the following courses (3 cr):

Code Course Credits

SOC 2040

Race, Ethnicity, Class and Gender

An exploration of the historical and contemporary roots for discrimination (especially on the institutional level) on the basis of race, ethnicity, class, and gender. This course examines issues such as culture, identity, and oppression.

Prerequisite: SOC 1010 or consent of instructor.

Every semester

3

SWK 2040

Discrimination in American Society

An understanding of the dynamics and American history of prejudice and discrimination in relation to racial and ethnic minorities, women and the aged is developed. Special emphasis placed on issues relevant to Social Welfare.

Prerequisite: SOC 1010 or consent of instructor.

Spring

3

And complete these specific General Education courses (9 cr):

Code Course Credits

MAT 2021

Statistics I

This course prepares students for quantitative methods in their respective fields. Descriptive and inferential statistics, including estimation, hypothesis testing, linear regression and correlation are covered. Basic tools of descriptive statistics, discrete probability, binomial distribution, normal distribution, t-distribution, estimates and sample sizes, hypothesis testing, elementary correlation and regression, contingency tables are explored. Students utilize graphing calculators and spreadsheet software on a regular basis.

This course fulfills the Scientific and Mathematical Understanding Frame of Reference.

Prerequisite: Students must take a math assessment (ACCUPLACER) for placement purposes prior to registration or MAT 1010.

Every semester

3

PSY 1012

Introduction to Psychological Science

A survey of a wide variety of topics studied by psychological scientists. The course objective is to introduce students to the terms, concepts and methods of psychological science.

Restrictions This course is equivalent to Introduction to Psychology; students will not receive credit for both courses.

This course fulfills the Social and Behavioral Understanding Frame of Reference.

Every semester

3

SOC 1010

Introduction to Sociology

A systematic introduction to the study of social behavior and social organization. The major conceptual tools of sociology are used to explore the structure, processes, and content of social action; to provide insight into the regularity and diversity of human social behavior.

This course fulfills the Social and Behavioral Understanding Frame of Reference.

Every semester

3

(Credits required for the major: 39 cr)

Note:

In-service students should discuss these requirements with their Criminal Justice Advisor and/or the Coordinator of the Criminal Justice Program. Transfer students from criminal justice programs in other schools are urged to review their transcript evaluation with their Advisor and /or the Coordinator. They must satisfy the General Education and academic major requirements, regardless of the number of criminal justice credits transferred.